Home page Psychology blog Bad Habits Non-Chemical Addictions “I am on a hunger strike”: ways to lose weight, useful and not really

“I am on a hunger strike”: ways to lose weight, useful and not really

24.09.2019 Author: psiholog pavel horoshutin

For those who have never particularly restricted themselves in food and not “bothered” in sports, losing weight can be very difficult. One lacks willpower, the other lacks knowledge, and the third lacks self-confidence. But even more difficult is to lose weight, while maintaining health. There are a lot of methods to deal with extra pounds, but not all of them are useful and effective. Which of them really help throw off the excess weight? In this article we will consider the most common methods of losing weight.

Contents:

Express diet

Strict express diets remain perhaps the most common way to quickly lose weight. Some popular options are coming to replace others.

At its core, an express diet is a nutrition system designed for a certain number of days. This is a clear menu with breakfast, lunch and dinner, which must be followed. But there is no guarantee that a particular diet was created by a certified nutritionist and that it is right for you. [1]

Before you experience a simple way to lose weight on a “revolutionary” diet, designed for 3, 5, 7 or 14 days, consult a specialist. It is important to analyze the diet, given its calorie content and the ratio of nutrients. Strict diets lead to breakdowns, since it is very difficult to follow the prescribed regimen with small portions of food. And a diet breakdown is a couple of extra kilograms. The body is thus “stocked” with fat, so that the next time you do not experience a deficiency of nutrients. And for experiments on your own metabolism, sometimes you have to pay not only with new kilograms, but also with new diseases. The calorie content of strict diets is usually critically small. You will not have enough energy for an active life. This is a risk of developing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and vitamin deficiency, failures in the metabolic processes of the body. [1]

The famous express diet of the model Linda Evangelista brought to exhaustion of many girls. Yes, and Linda herself after a hungry lifestyle hardly returned to normal weight. Her diet is based on counting calories – it is permissible to eat up to 400 kcal per day. This is very small – even a child’s menu in kindergarten is more nutritious. Such an extreme way to lose weight is a health risk.

Mono-diets

Mono-diet for weight loss is a diet in which the menu for a certain amount of time contains only 1-2 products or products from the same category of nutrients (protein, for example).

Many stars of show business are promoting mono-diets, claiming that this is a great way to lose weight quickly. Among them is Angelina Jolie. Only the lazy does not discuss her unhealthy thinness. If you believe the American tabloids, the reason for this is the cereal diet that the actress chooses. Angelina has always been a fan of seeds and grains, but this love has reached a new level. For a long period she ate only cereals. Mono-diet practically brought the actress to anorexia, because plant foods do not have all the vital proteins and vitamins.

We note the most popular mono-diets among losing weight:

  1. Fasting days

Fasting days often become a lifesaver for those who urgently need to get rid of a couple of extra kilograms. This is such a way of losing weight for the lazy – you eat anything all year round, and before the beach season you begin to starve to get rid of wrinkles on your stomach.

It seems that nothing bad will happen if you arrange your body rest in the form of fasting days. But nutritionists do not recommend practicing them too often. “Discharge” leads to the fact that metabolism begins to work in a strict economy mode, removing “excess” water from the body. That is, the excess weight itself remains with you.

Fasting days are useful only if they become part of a proper diet, and not a complete diet for several days in a row. In this case, they help cleanse the body in a natural way and become the prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Permissible number of “discharges” is no more than once a week. [1]

Among the most popular methods of fasting can be distinguished: on kefir or natural yogurt, stewed fish, boiled potatoes, cucumbers, fruits.

  1. Protein diets

This is a nutrition system with an absolute predominance of proteins in the diet due to the exclusion or significant reduction of carbohydrates. Such mono-diets won the love of both housewives and athletes.

According to experts, protein mono-diets really help lose weight. But they are not suitable for everyone, because they have an impressive list of contraindications. It is important to consult a nutritionist before eating only protein. And even for patients with good health, experts do not advise using a protein diet more than 2-3 months. The body needs all nutrients to function properly. [1]

  1. Vegetarian diets

Many people identify healthy weight loss with the rejection of animal products. But choosing vegetarianism, you deprive yourself of many vitamins and nutrients that are found in meat, fish and milk – iron, calcium, B vitamins, proteins, etc. And this is fraught with the development of serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system and gastrointestinal tract.

Only with careful selection of plant products and taking additional vitamins, you can try to create a balanced diet.

We will teach you to eat nutritiously

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Proper nutrition

The most reasonable way to lose weight with a diet is to switch to a healthy diet. Yes, you don’t have to wait for a quick effect, but your own health is much more important. Developing healthy eating habits and refusing harmful products, you normalize the metabolism and give the body all the necessary nutrients for normal work. Excess weight goes away, and you feel great at the same time.

The basic principles of proper nutrition as a way to lose weight without strict diets:

  • The ratio of nutrients in the diet: 3 parts of complex carbohydrates, 2 parts of proteins, 1 part of unsaturated fats.
  • 5-6 meals in small portions.
  • Snacks in the menu – nuts or dried fruits, toasts with peanut butter, fruit, yogurt.
  • Exclusion from the diet of fatty foods, flour products, refined sugar.
  • The choice of healthy cooking methods – boiling, stewing, grilling without oil, baking. [2]

Diet pills and supplements

Dietary supplements and pills are a way to lose weight for those who do not want to suffer in the gym and do not make much effort to normalize the diet.

All dietary supplements for weight loss can be conditionally classified into groups depending on the direction in which they work. [2]

 What is it? Principle of actionWhat are the risks?
Calorie blockersTablets and dry mixes added to foodActive substances prevent the deposition of carbohydrates and fats in adipose tissues. Complex carbohydrates that are not split in the gastrointestinal tract are not absorbed by the body, which means there are no extra calories. As a result, the daily calorie intake is reduced. Uncontrolled intake of pills can lead to disruptions in the intestines, loss of minerals and vitamins. In addition, the body quickly gets used to the components of dietary supplements, which means that their effectiveness will not last long
Regulators of appetite Tablets and dry mixes added to foodActive substances help to dull the hunger and quickly feel full, because they tend to swell in size after getting into the stomach. Long-term use of such dietary supplements can lead to malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract. The work of the centers of appetite and saturation in the brain changes, therefore, in some cases, uncontrolled intake of pills negatively affects mental health – mood swings, lethargy, apathy, irritability appear
Food substitutesDry protein shakes, instant cereals and soupsConcentrates of food due to the lack of fats help reduce the calorie content of the daily diet. Not all concentrates provide saturation, which can lead not to weight loss but to gaining excess weight – you eat them one by one to drown out hunger, thereby exceeding the permissible calorie intake. And the risks are very high to buy a low-quality product that does not have a complex of vitamins and minerals, and this is the risk of undermining health
Metabolism activatorsTeas, tablets, and dry mixes added to foodActive substances speed up the metabolism, helping the body break down the incoming fats and carbohydrates faster. Uncontrolled intake of these dietary supplements can cause high blood pressure and heart rate. It is important to remember that drugs should not be taken for a long time, otherwise the body will break the habit to independently regulate metabolic processes 
CleansersTeas, dry cocktails for portioned dilution, ready drinksActive substances have laxative and diuretic properties. The main principle of the work of such dietary supplements is detoxification of the intestine. Long-term use of cleansing dietary supplements can lead to serious negative consequences – the body will lose the ability to independently remove waste products. And with excess fluid, you will lose vitamins and minerals, which should not be allowed
Taking special medications for weight loss may be part of a comprehensive obesity treatment program developed by your doctor. Specialists are forced to resort to the help of medicines when other methods of therapy are not very effective for the patient. But the independent intake of dietary supplements without a doctor’s prescription cannot be called a safe way to lose weight at home. Pills have a lot of contraindications and can be deadly. [2]

Physical exercise

Sport is the most effective way to lose weight. In the fight against excess weight, it is important not only to get fewer calories with food, but also to spend them intensively. So there will be a decrease in body fat and muscle building.

When choosing a type of fitness for weight loss, it is important to be guided by the level of your own preparation, initial weight and state of health, objective abilities, and personal preferences. Before you go in for sports, consult with a nutritionist and exercise therapy specialist. It is important to choose a training program that does not harm your health.

What training will be a quick way to lose weight?

  • jogging,
  • all kinds of walking,
  • all kinds of aerobics,
  • swimming,
  • bike training,
  • pilates,
  • yoga,
  • power training.

Intensive cardio loads (for example, jogging and jumping) are prohibited in the treatment of obesity, when the weight exceeds the norm by 15-20 kg. This is a huge load on the cardiac and pulmonary systems. In this case, it is necessary to find other effective ways to lose weight, and when you manage to lose weight, you can move on to more intense activities. [3]

Surgical weight loss methods

Surgery as an effective way to lose weight for men and women is used only when the ineffectiveness of conservative methods to combat overweight has been proven. This is a serious decision a person makes based on the recommendations of many experts – a nutritionist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.

Most often, the following types of surgical methods are used to reduce weight:

  1. Liposuction. This is a cosmetic procedure, which is pumping out subcutaneous fat from problem areas through small incisions on the skin.
  2. Ballooning of stomach. The method is based on the installation of a silicone balloon into the stomach through the esophagus. This balloon fills the space of the stomach, and a person eats up a smaller amount of food, due to which he/she loses weight.
  3. Bandaging of stomach. A silicone ring is put on the stomach directly under the esophagus. First, food enters the upper small part, filling its volume and causing saturation, and then is digested in the lower part.
  4. Vertical gastroplasty. The volume of the stomach is reduced by vertical flashing of its walls and the imposition of titanium clips. A person loses weight because he/she feels full with smaller portions of food. [3]
Tara Reid, the star of the American Pie movie, was unlikely to be called a plump. But she thought differently, deciding on liposuction, which she later regretted. The operation was unsuccessful, the belly of the actress was mutilated with scars and folds. Several years passed before Tara managed to fix the problems that she faced. Plastic surgery did help. But the pictures of the actress after that do not cause admiration – fans suspect her of anorexia.

Remember that surgery is a last resort. Women should resort to this method of losing weight only if it is vital to get rid of excess weight. Any surgical intervention carries certain risks, even death.

Spa treatments

Proper nutrition

Beauty parlors offer many cosmetic procedures aimed at reducing excess weight and getting rid of cellulite. They are advertised as the best way to lose weight for those who care about their own health and the beauty of their bodies. But none of spa procedures will be effective if you do not simultaneously establish a diet and do sports. That is, beauty sessions are only good as an addition to a comprehensive weight loss program.

Here are some methods of losing weight in the spa, which can show excellent results:

  • cedar barrel, bath and sauna;
  • cryoprocedures (cryosauna, cryolipolysis);
  • wraps (honey, pepper, seaweed, chocolate);
  • manual and hardware massages (vacuum, lymphatic drainage, vibration, hydromassage).

Folk methods of losing weight

traditional methods of losing weight

Some home methods of rapid weight loss have been adopted by classical medicine and are widely used in salons. But most of them still remain very dangerous to health.

Those who want to lose weight actively use various diets and practice body detox, drink herbal teas and infusions, do massage with jars and wraps – all this without prior consultation with specialists.

Thoughtless experiencing at home each of the quick ways to lose weight, shared by a friend or a well-known blogger on social media, is an unforgivable carelessness that can harm your health. What is good for one person can be deadly to another. For example, ginger, which is often used for anti-cellulite wraps and making tea, can cause skin burns and allergic reactions.

Hypnosis for weight loss

Many consider hypnosis one of the easiest ways to lose weight. People are ready to believe in a miracle, trusting charlatans. But in most cases, dreams of losing extra kilograms remain dreams.

Hypnosis is believed to be a way to lose weight for the lazy. You don’t have to change your diet and go in for sports, you just need to fall asleep at an appointment with a “specialist”. In fact, a hypnosis session proceeds as follows: when a person plunges into a mild state of trance, the hypnotist suggests that it is extremely important to establish a diet and go in for sports. That is, you will hear basic things that are written about in any textbook on dietetics. Only for this you will pay a considerable amount. And there is no guarantee that you will succumb to suggestion. [3]

Hypnosis as a new way to lose weight cannot be considered an effective treatment for obesity. There is no scientific evidence to support the fact that this technique works.

Weight loss using 7Spsy behavior modification technique

The psychological attitude among the main conditions for the treatment of obesity takes pride of place. If you do not motivate yourself to find effective ways to lose weight and do not make a firm decision to bring the body “to a shape”, it will be difficult to resist the temptations – to control nutrition and exercise regularly. In addition, there is a direct link between psychological state and obesity. In some cases, stress and grief, personal feelings, self-doubt and dissatisfaction with life become the cause of weight gain. Consult a psychologist to find your own effective way to lose weight at home and quickly see a positive result.

We will teach you to eat nutritiously

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Try a course on  7Spsy behavior modification technique. This is a patented methodology of behavioral psychology based on the theories of I.P. Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, A.A. Ukhtomsky. The program helps correct eating behavior and, as a result, effectively fight overweight.

In the process of training, you recognize the importance of fundamental changes in your usual lifestyle. A healthy model of behavior will help understand yourself and see the causes of overeating, start the process of losing weight. Changing negative attitudes to positive ones will raise self-esteem and relieve complexes, help you cope with difficulties and persistently go towards your goal. And this is the key to quick and effective weight loss.

The 7Spsy behavior modification technique course is designed for up to 6 weeks. If you are more comfortable overcoming difficulties on your own, you may not tell anyone about your problems – the training is confidential and takes place in a convenient remote mode. The psychologists give all consultations by e-mail, in chats and by phone.

References:

  1. «Dietologiya», 2012 g., A. YU. Baranovskij.
  2. «Klinicheskaya dietologiya», 2014 g., V. SHevchenko.
  3. «Vse sposoby pohudeniya», 2002 g., I. A. Koreshkin.