Internet addiction is a learned behavior model in which a person spends time online to the detriment of other areas of life. In this case, the Internet becomes the only leisure. Online communication replaces meetings with friends and relatives, the image on social networks is of particular importance. Every free minute is spent checking notifications on your smartphone screen. So virtual life replaces the real one, and every year this problem becomes more urgent.
According to the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VTsIOM):
How to detect Internet addiction? Why is this problem occurring? How to get rid of the pathological habit of surfing the Internet all the time? You will find answers to these and other questions in our article.
In the scientific world, they began to speak about this problem back in 1995 (1). Psychiatrist Ivan Goldberg proposed the concept of “Internet addiction” as a form of non-chemical addiction – along with addiction to gambling. The first large-scale research was begun by psychologist Kimberly Young in 1996. (2)
She identified 5 types of Internet addiction: (3)
If you suspect yourself or a loved one of this problem, you can take a psychological test for Internet addiction, which will help you understand how serious the problem is.
The authors of the test are psychologists L.N. Yuryev and T.Yu. Bolbot (4).
|1. How often do you feel revitalization, pleasure, satisfaction or relief while at the computer (on the Internet)?|
|2. How often do you anticipate staying at the computer (on the Internet), thinking and reflecting on how you find yourself at the computer, open a certain site, find certain information, make new friends?|
|3. How often do you need to spend more and more time at the computer (on the Internet) or spend more and more money in order to get the same feeling?|
|4. How often do you manage to independently stop working at the computer (on the Internet)?|
|5. How often do you feel nervousness, decreased mood, irritability or emptiness away from the computer (offline)?|
|6. How often do you feel the need to return to your computer (online) to improve your mood or avoid life problems?|
|7. How often do you neglect family or social responsibilities and studies because of the frequent work at the computer (on the Internet)?|
|8. How often do you have to lie, hide from your parents or teachers the amount of time spent at the computer (on the Internet)?|
|9. How often is there an actualization or threat of loss of friendships and / or family relationships, changes in financial stability, academic success due to frequent work at the computer (online)?|
|10. How often do you notice physical symptoms, such as: numbness and pain in the hand, back pain, dry eyes, headaches; neglect of personal hygiene, eating near the computer?|
|11. How often do you notice sleep disturbances or changes in sleep patterns due to frequent work at the computer (on the network)?|
How to count points:
Maress Orzac, an American psychologist at the University of Massachusetts, devoted many years to the study of Internet, computer, and computer games addiction. She gives the following signs by which a problem can be identified:
The presence of at least 5 symptoms may be the reason for seeking professional help. (5)
Each person dependent on the Internet goes his/her own individual way. But there is a common symptom that unites people with an irresistible craving for the Internet – poor communication skills.
Real life communication requires more spontaneity. And on the Internet there is always an opportunity to think about the answer a little longer. Negative or inadequate communication experiences can cause poor communication skills in everyday life. (3) That is why Internet addiction is often formed in children.
1. In children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Studies have shown that Internet addiction and ADHD are often found in parallel. (7)
2. People who already have some kind of addiction. Dependent behavior generally triggers toxic habits.
Everyone who has discovered such a problem will ask a question: “How to get rid of Internet addiction?” You can try to cope on your own, but it will be safer to go to a psychologist or use modern technologies of psychological correction of behavior. Any addiction is a habit, and a habit can be changed.
7Spsy behavior modification technique is based on behavioral psychology and allows you to effectively solve the problem by changing the behavior model. The method is based on the theory of reflexes by I.P. Pavlov and the theory of operant conditioning by B.F. Skinner.
The behavior modification program lasts from 2 to 6 weeks. At the same time, the course is remote: you can practice at a convenient time in a comfortable environment. The 7Spsy method has no side effects.
As a result of the course, you can free from the constant desire to spend time on the Internet and enjoy real life again.