“Please, help me with advice. My child is 8 years old, in the 2nd year. The schoolteacher complains, the swimming coach complains, the child is inattentive, does not remember the explanations. He can do a simple task for 2 hours, he says that he doesn’t understand the topic, can be easily distracted. How to make memory and attention in a child better?”
— Anna, Artem’s mother
The first years of study often become a real test for children and parents. A bright preschooler suddenly turns into a non-achiever. He/she can’t concentrate at the lessons, doesn’t remember what a teacher says, can’t do homework without help. Bad marks and reproaches only make the situation worse. The pupil becomes self-unsure and nervous. “How to make patience and attention in a child better?” – parents are making panic. Don’t worry! Children just need some help to develop the cognitive processes necessary for learning. How to do this – read our article.
A seven-year-old child can’t concentrate if bored. A first grader needs to be interested, it is important to keep his/her primary attention as long as possible. Eventually, children get used to concentrate not only on the interesting, but also on the necessary.
Attention is an ability of the mind to focus on something, without being distracted. Features of attention are closely connected to memory, thinking, perception. In order to develop the attention in a child of 7 years and older, it is significant to understand its features in different age.
“My daughter goes to the second grade, she doesn’t study very well. The French tutor almost gave up on us, she says that my daughter had a bad memory and classes are useless. What should I do… how should memory be developed in a child of 8 years old?”
— Irina, mother of Lena, 8
Memory is a mental process responsible for recognizing, capturing, preserving and reproducing the gained experience.
In addition, younger pupils have more developed involuntary memory: they easily remember what causes strong emotions, what interests them. Communication with feelings is the key to remembering. Therefore, memorizing poems, songs, fairy tales is easier for a child than homework or the multiplication table.
This is confirmed by the studies of psychologists A.A. Smirnov and P.I. Zinchenko. 
In the process of study a child develops voluntary memorization, which requires strong-willed efforts and is necessary for successful study.
Learning to remember randomly and meaningfully.
To master meaningful memorization, teach a pupil to make a plan. How did the story begin? What happened then? What is the main thing?
“My son studied normally until the second grade. And now there are only bad marks, tears, he doesn’t want to go to school. The teacher drew a triangle, circle and square on the blackboard and asked the son what word they can be called. He didn’t know. The teacher says that the problem was with logical thinking. Was it due to poor memory?”
— Petr, father of Sasha, 8
A baby learns the world through perception and action. Growing up, he/she discovers the connection of words and objects. In early childhood visual-figurative thinking prevails.
Conceptual thinking is rapidly developed in children in elementary school.
“My daughter is a liar. I don’t understand when she tells the truth, and when she fantasizes. I’m afraid it’s not a habit. Either she goes with the class on an excursion that didn’t exist, or she meets a famous singer on the street. The child is 10 years old. Is it normal?”
— Valeria, mother of Katya, 10.
Imagination is the mental process of creating an image of an object by transforming reality.
A small child jumps on a stick and imagines that it is a horse. Thus the symbolic function of the imagination develops. Some objects act as others. With the help of imagination children learn the world and at the same time protect themselves from injuries and experiences.
In primary school a child receives a lot of new knowledge, learns to apply it in life and begins to reflect reality more believably. The imagination of a younger pupil is usually a simple reproduction of the environment. The child repeats in games what he/she saw while watching adults. Gradually, children’s imagination becomes creative.
Children can invent incredible stories and often do not distinguish reality from fantasy. If a child doesn’t misrepresent the facts for some reason (fearing punishment or for self-justification), but fantasizes harmlessly, there is nothing to worry about. Pupils with a well-developed imagination easily operate with abstract images, but can deeply immerse themselves in a fantasy world and be in the clouds. It is worth paying attention to a child who doesn’t know how to fantasize. And help him/her develop imagination. 
Draw a table with two types of rings – with a slot on the top and on the left. A child must cross out as many rings of the same kind as possible within 5 minutes. Elder children may be asked to cross out both types of rings in different lines. The more figures crossed out correctly, the higher the child’s attention level. This test is suitable for any age as an exercise to develop attention.
Make a list of 10 simple unconnected words. Slowly read the words out loud and ask a child to repeat everything that he/she remembered. Repeat reading until the child remembers all 10 words (but not more than five times). If the child remembers 4-5 words at the first time, and all words after 3-5 repetitions, there are no memory problems.
Choose the suitable word
1) wolf : jaws = bird 😕
a) air b) beak c) nightingale d) egg e) singing
2) library : book = forest 😕
a) birch b) tree c) branch d) log e) maple
3) bird : nest = man 😕
a) people b) worker c) chick d) house e) clever
4) school : studying = hospital 😕
a) doctor b) patient c) treatment d) institution
If there are less than half of the correct answers, you should pay attention to the development of thinking.
A child is offered to draw everything he/she wants for 4-5 minutes.
Pay attention to whether there is imagination, emotionality in the drawings, whether the details are carefully worked out, whether the child came up with something original. If in the allotted time the child did not draw anything specific, it is worthwhile to engage in the development of imagination. 
To develop attention in a child of 7-8 years old, it is necessary:
Create together a daily routine, including homework. Teach children discipline and accuracy gradually.
Remember that attention and memory must be constantly trained.
The development of memory in a child of 7 years and older can be done in simple ways:
To develop thinking of a child of 7-11 years old, it is necessary to teach:
Drawing can be very useful. In addition to imagination, drawing develops memory, attention, speech and fine motor skills. Drawing, along with a game, is the main way to study the surrounding reality for a child.
Art and didactic games are ideal for the development of creative thinking and imagination. 
If a child has serious developmental problems, and you are not sure that you can cope on your own, you should consult a specialist. The 7Spsy behavior modification technique showed good results in working with children of 7-11 years old.
The 7Spsy behavior modification technique is a proven, scientifically based method of behavioral psychology. The technology will help a pupil overcome self-doubt, increase motivation, develop logical thinking and other mental cognitive processes. Diagnostic testing is performed before the course. Classes are held remotely. A child can study at home, in the usual atmosphere, at any convenient time. Clear psychologist’s instructions and feedback (online chat, email or phone) make the technique available for independent study, with minimal help from parents. The duration of the behavior modification course is from 2 to 6 weeks. The 7Spsy behavior modification technique will save your child from problems in study and behavior, help love school and knowledge.